The largest resurgence at Montauk Spring.

Name: Montauk

Location: Dent County, Missouri

Rank: 10

Average Flow: 50 million gallons per day (78 cubic feet per second)

Recharge Area: Presumed to be the poorly drained upland plateau to the north and northwest of the spring, along the Pigeon Creek watershed, and southwest of the town of Salem. Work is ongoing on this recharge area.

Interesting Information: Montauk Springs encompasses two sets of springs: those two which are used in the trout hatchery operations, and the seven (more or less) which emerge in a gravel/sand bar area on the banks of Pigeon Creek. These springs and the creek form the headwaters of the Current River. Prior to 1892, the seven springs area was one large spring pool, innundated then with debris by a gullywasher from Crabtree Hollow. In the 1990s, an attempt was made to 'clean out' the resurgence, which resulted in the enlargement of the main spring pool and channelization of the rest of the spring branch.

Brief History: The Montauk area was been settled by people from the Montauk Point area of Long Island. Four mills have used the spring water here, starting in 1835. The last mill was built in 1896, restored in 1935 by the Civilian Conservation Corps, and continued in operable condition until 1942, when the steel rollers were requisitioned for the WWII effort. The spring area was one of the first state parks to be acquired, in 1926. Fish hatchery operations at the Park are run by the Missouri Dept. of Conservation, and trout fishing is featured. The mill has been undergoing restoration. Several of the grinders are back in operation, and plans are underway for it to be water powered again in the near future.

Ownership and Access: A Missouri state park since 1926. Camping, fishing, and dining lodge featured. No charge for entry to view the spring.

One of the sand boils, most easily viewed in winter.

This page last updated on May 17, 2006.
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